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Aluminum PCB

With it’s excellent feature of Aluminum thermal dissipation, Aluminum is a type of ideal metal base material for circuit board which need thin dielectric thermally conductive as well as electrically protected layer. This kind of PCB is widely used in the electronic devices such as LED lighting for consume products, automotive field, etc.

Due to it’s similar feature as copper base PCB board, aluminum base material can be used as a metal base core in the stack up of hybrid PCB production.

It can be used in the RFI (radio frequency interference) PCB board as an ideal dielectric thermally conductive layer, as well as electrically protected layer.

Advantages of Aluminum PCB Board?

Harmless to Environment:
Aluminum is very friendly to environment and recyclable metal. Less chemical manufacturing process than FR4 PCB board because of its simplicity feature of “bonded” together with a copper layer.

Heat dissipation:
High temperatures and serious hot take harmful to electronic device, even to degrade the working performance of the hardware. So it is useful to utilize a material that can help disperse the heat. Aluminum can really absorb the heat from the vital segments, by this manner limiting the hurtful impact it could have on the electronic circuit board.

Higher Strength:
Aluminum can provide extra quality and strength to a feature that fiberglass or ceramic bases can’t. Aluminum is a strong rigid base material that can diminish unexpected breakage during electronic device assembling, taking care of, and regular use.

Lighter weight:
For its extraordinary strength, absolutely aluminum is a shockingly light weight metal compared with other materials such as copper, steel, etc. Aluminum includes advantages of strength and quality without including disadvantage of any extra weight.

Widely Application of Aluminum PCB

More and more electronic devices’ PCB designed as metal circuit board with aluminum core based. The universal application areas for aluminum PCB board include:

  • Surgical Lighting Tools in Medical Care
  • High-power Scanners machine
  • Tail Light Assemblies in Automotive or Airplane
  • Distributed Power Transmission Systems
  • Dashboards of Automotive
  • High Power Converters
  • Consume Lighting
  • Theatre Lighting in Medical Operating
  • Landscape Lighting
  • LED Industrial Light
  • High Bay Light

General Characteristics of Different Aluminum Material

PerformanceUnits11003003505260612024
Densityg/cm³2.7102.7302.6802.7002.78
Melting Point Range643 – 657.2260-510607585502 – 638 °C
CTE(linear 68°F)Um/m. k23.6 µm/m-°C23.2 µm/m-°C23.8 µm/m-°C23.6 µm/m-°C23.2 µm/m-°C
Specific Heat CapacityJ/kg-k904893880896875
Thermal ConductivityW/m. k222162138151-202121
Electrical Conductivity%IACS5950354750
Electrical Resistivityn Ω. m303449.3-49.932.5–39.258.2-60
Rigidity(hardness)HB23286195137
Elongation at Break(1.6mm)%15-2828251219

Note: Dielectric breakdown for PCB laminates is usually tested upon IPC TM-650 test method 2.5.6 for breakdowns across the material and test method 2.5.6.2 for breakdown through the material; i.e., layer to layer.

Aluminum Substrate Properties

ItemPerformance Index (Measured value)
Peeling Strength (n/mm)1.8
Breakdown Voltage (vdc)2 k
Thermal Conductivity (ω/m-k)>0.8
Dielectric Loss Angle (Tangent)280°C / 260°C, 1 minute, no bubbles and lamination
Dielectric Loss Angle (Tangent)0.03
CombustibilityFV-o
Dielectric Constant (1mhz)4
Thermal Resistance (°C/ω)<1.2
Insulation Resistance (ω)1*10 g

Metal PCB with Bergquist Thermal Clad Base

Bergquist is a famous brand and well known as it’s thermal management insulated metal Substrates. It’s Aluminum PCB laminate MP-06503 has minimize thermal impedance and conduct heat more effectively than standard printed wiring boards (PWB’s).

This substrate is more mechanically robust than thick-film ceramic and direct bond copper construction. Due to it’s excellent feature of enabling optimal performance and extending device lifetime,Hence, this is almost an ideal material to most electronics designer for their high quality thermal application products.

ItemValueTest Method
Product Thermal
Conductivity
2.4 W/m-KMET 5.4-01-40000
Dielectric Thermal
Conductivity
1.3 W/m-KASTM D5470
Thermal Resistance0.09°C-in2
/W (0.58°C-cm2
/W)
ASTM D5470
Thermal Impedance0.65°C/WMET-5.4-01-40000
Glass Transition90°CASTM E1356
Max Operating Temp.130°CU.L. 796
Max Soldering Temp325°CU.L. 796
MP-06503 thermal properties
ItemValueTest Method
Dielectric Constant6MET 5.4-01-40000
Dissipation Factor0.003/0.017 (@1KHz/1MHz)ASTM D5470
Capacitance410 pF/in2 (65pF/cm2)ASTM D5470
Volume Resistivity1×1015 (Ω•m)ASTM D257
Surface Resistivity1×1014Ohms-cmASTM D257
Dielectric Strength2800 V/mil (112 kV/mm)ASTM D149
Breakdown Voltage8.5 kVACASTM D149
MP-06503 ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
ItemValueTest Method
ColorWhiteVisual
Dielectric Thickness0.003″ (76 µm)Visual
Peel [email protected]9 lb/in (1.6 N/mm)ASTM D2861
CTE in XY/Z Axis40 µm/m°CASTM D3386
CTE in XY/Z Axis >Tg110 µm/m°CASTM D3386
Storage Modulus12/0.3 GPa (@25°C/150°C)ASTM 4065
MP-06503 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
ItemValueTest Method
Water Vapor Retention0.21% wt.ASTM E595
Out-Gassing Total Mass Loss0.29% wt.ASTM E595
Collect Volatile
Condensable Material
0.01% wt.ASTM E595
MP-06503 CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
ItemValueTest Method
U.L. Maximum OperatingTemperature130°CU.L. 746B
U.L. FlammabilityV-0U.L. 94
Comparative
Tracking Index (CTI)
0/500 (425)ASTM D3638/
IEC60112
Solder Limit Rating300°C/60 secondsU.L. 796
MP-06503 AGENCY RATINGS & DURABILITY
Benefits of Bergquist Thermal Clad Metal Core PCB
Thermal resistance 0.09°C in^2/W (0.58°C cm^2/W)
Thermal conductivity of 2.4 W/m-K
Multi-Purpose applications
lead-free solder compatible
Eutectic AuSn compatible
RoHS compliant and environmentally green
Available on all aluminum and copper metal substrates

What is Your Best Choice for Aluminum PCB Service?

For material, if your final electronic product is only for consume application purpose, the common aluminum base material is enough for that and would be cost saved;if your final product is a complex application require high quality such as military,aerospace products, Bergquist aluminum thermal clad would be a good reference but cost is too hight.

For the aluminum PCB manufacturing and PCB assembly, At WELLER, we have a well-prepared staff, a committed R&D group, a skilled engineering team, and cutting-edge setup. These basic foundations enable us to have the manufacturing capability to produce the aluminum PCB completely upon your requirements. We even can make uniquely custom aluminum PCBs according to your needs.


Contact us at any time in case you have any inquiries or you need an evaluation for an aluminum PCB fabrication and assembly.


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