What is the PCB impedance coupons


The breif summary about PCB impedance

PCB board with controlled impedance trace is very important for signal transmission quality.Especially for quick switching parts with signal rise times of 1 to 2ns, the signal integrity must be guaranteed through good impedance characteristics in the conductor trace connections.

What is the PCB impedance coupons

The PCB impedance coupons is a small pcs of circuit board on which only have impedance track line and the holes where connected to impedance trace on it.

Typically it is designed by PCB manufacture to put it on the PCB production working panel to be produced by the same process of PCBs. So the coupons has the same features as the exact impedance traces on the PCB board.The holes on the coupons is conductive to it’s internal layers which have impedance trace.

The impedance value of the track in the internal layers can be tested by the probe of the impedance test machine via touching these holes.

Single ended PCB impedance and it’s coupons

Single ended PCB impedance also called the single side PCB impedance, which is a type of impedance generated from a single track line not coupled to an adjacent line. The typical single end-ed impedance value is 50+/-5ohm.

It’s coupons designed as a samll PCB with single track plus the holes for the test point purpose.

Single-ended-PCB-impedance-coupon-test
Single ended PCB impedance coupon

Differential PCB impedance and it’s coupons

It is the impedance generated from a pair of transmission lines on the circuit board. The typical differential impedance value is 80-100 ohms with a tolerance +/-10%.

It’s coupons designed as a samll PCB with single track plus the holes for the test point purpose.

impedance pcb coupons
Differential impedance pcb coupon

How to use the coupons to verify the impedance value on the PCB

As the impedance coupons has the same layer stack up & the same track as it’s PCBs, and the holes on the coupons conducted it’s impedance trace accordingly. Thus,it is very easy and simple to use a impedance test machine (for example Polar CITS880s) to plug the test probe into the holes on the coupons to verify the impedance value.

Matched impedance value with it’s track line is crucial to electronics functional after PCB assembly. Normally,a processional PCB manufacturer always offer the impedance coupons and it’s test report to the PCB buyer along with the shipment without any extra added cost.

If you have any more questions about PCB impedance coupons,please contact us freely by service@wellerpcb.com.